Velvet, velveteen and velor - all three types of fabric have a characteristic pile surface. Despite the similarity of appearance, all three materials are original, unique and differ in application.
Velvet - a fabric with a split pile, obtained by weaving five threads, one of which forms a pile, and the rest - become the basis of the fabric. Velvet can be made of pure silk (making it much more expensive and high-end), cotton, wool and is used for sewing smart and elegant dresses and suits. Outerwear from velvet is rarely made - water damages the material structure and it takes too long to dry. In the past, velvet has been used for upholstery or partial decoration of posh furniture sets.
Velveteen is a type of velvet and the difference is a shorter and thicker pile with a hem.
The fabric is based on hardened cotton yarn. Due to the wear resistance and durability of velveteen, it is customary to make trousers, coats, jackets, etc. The material can survive many washes without losing its original appearance.
Velour is similar to velvet or velveteen and being loosely knitted or woven by the plain weaving from wool, cotton or synthetics. The signature soft texture on the surface of velour is made by cutting across looped threads. Pile can be smooth or in the form of patterns. It was customary to use velour for decorative upholstery of furniture sets.
Thanks to the modern technologies that have changed the properties of the material, we have got a looped velour - a knitted fabric that stretches and is suitable for clothing.
Although ridiculed for getting its start in upholstery, velour made its debut in fashion in the 1960s and 70s when clothing made of velour were worn by the famous band Bee Gees, putting a fashion towards it; hence many young people at that time began to consider the fabric chip and modern. The velour fabric popularity also relied on the previous decade, as young men of the 60s wanted to break out of the conservative dress of previous generations and started to wear more colored, casual clothes.
But the real boom of velours popularity was during the 90s, with the introduction of the incredibly recognizable Juicy Couture tracksuit. As the tracksuit skyrocketed in popularity, other companies hopped on board too, and soon everyone was wearing velour.
A lot of the sewers or fashion designers today include velour in their collections.
Advantages of Velour
Knitted, so it is stretchy
Sheen to the fabric
Disadvantages of Velour
Raw edges can curl and fray
Pills and snags easily
Can get caught easily when sewing
Can have shrinkage
Can wear out with use
Nowaday fashion designers use velour as a cheap velvet substitute for making all sorts of garments.